Fluid Power Systems: Hydraulics and Pneumatics

Why Attend

Fluid power systems (hydraulics and pneumatics) offer an alternate means of controlling industrial systems without a large number of electrical components. Forces can be quickly transmitted over considerable distances efficiently with little loss and large components can be controlled with very small forces, and with smooth, uniform action.

This course provides participants with the knowledge to construct and operate all the individual components essential for the optimum operation of the overall fluid power system. It includes the supply of fluid (gas or liquid), the use of fluid powered control cylinders, control valves and motors as well as the tools associated with the maintenance and repair of fluid power systems.

Course Methodology

This course is highly interactive and includes group discussions, case studies, and syndicate work. It also includes practical exercises that allow all participants to use the knowledge they gained to implement their skills in operating fluid power systems.

Course Objectives

By the end of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Describe the development and applications of modern fluid power systems (hydraulics and pneumatics) including the different types of fluids and the three general classes of piping
  • Apply Pascal’s law to the design and operation of fluid power systems and circuits
  • Outline the types of seals and components in fluid power systems and their respective benefits
  • Operate a fluid power system circuit, given a system schematic
  • Prevent, identify and troubleshoot common failures of fluid power systems

Target Audience

This course is designed for professionals involved with, and responsible for, the operation of fluid power systems including maintenance managers, maintenance supervisors, engineers, project managers, technicians, and plant operators.

Target Competencies

  • Fluid power circuit design and operation
  • Fluid power systems maintenance and repair
  • Fluid power systems troubleshooting
  • Pneumatic components operation
  • Hydraulic components operation


South Africa

Training Dates:

Each course starts every Monday of each week. Please book your training on a date that is a Monday.

Course Duration:

Unit Standard:

NQF Level:

Number of Credits:

Course Fees

Note: Please fill in the online application form on the left or bottom if this page to receive a quotation with detailed pricing from AATICD.

How to Apply:

To Apply Simply Fill in the Online Enquiries / Applications form on the Right Sidebar or Bottom of this website https://www.aaticd.co.za


When filling the online application form; please take note of your desired Training Month, Duration in Weeks and Training Session. This will give us the exact dates you will be attending your classes.

Also note that Tuition Fees must be paid upfront on or before training start date. This is to ensure that all resources are made availabe for you before you start. You will not be allowed into training if fees are not paid and verified.

Also note that Tuition Fees Cancellations must be made 14 business working days before the starting date of training. This will allow us to do a 50% refund of the total amount paid. If cancellations are made thereafter note that no refund will be made to delegates.

Tuition Fees include teas and lunch as well as either a laptop or tablet which a delegate will take home free of charge.

Tuition Fee DOES NOT include Accommodation, Dinners and other Extra Curricular Activities or Incidentals. Delegates are expected to fund this on their own. AATICD will not be held accountable for any incidents to delegates.

In-House Trainings are also available for 3 or more delegates for any duration. Please consult with our Administration for such In-House training bookings.

Course Outline

  • Pneumatic theory
    • Advantages of fluid power
      • Transmission of forces through fluids
      • Pascal’s law
      • Force and pressure
      • Computing force, pressure and area
      • Multiplication of forces
      • Differential areas
    • Compressibility and expansion of gases (Boyle’s law/ Charles’s law)
    • Work and energy
    • Fluid flow
      • Volume and velocity of flow
      • Steady and unsteady flow
      • Streamline and turbulent flow
      • Factors involved inflow
      • Relationship of force, pressure, and head
      • Static and dynamic factors
      • Bernoulli’s principle
      • Minimizing friction
      • Advantages of pneumatics
    • Pneumatic applications and symbols
  • Pneumatic components
    • Purification equipment
      • Preliminary filtering – dry-type/wet-type filters
      • Moisture removal and drying
      • Additional filtering
        • Filtering contaminants
        • Filter classes and ratings
        • Surface/depth filters
        • Lubrication of heavy/fine lubricators
      • Pneumatic cylinders
        • Single-acting/ Double-acting cylinders
        • Two-piston cylinder
        • Cushioning devices
      • Pneumatic control valves
        • Control valve elements
        • Two/three/four/five-way valves
        • Manually operated valves
        • Pilot and solenoid valves
      • Air receivers
      • Pneumatic motors
        • Motor classification
        • Pneumatic motor construction
      • Pneumatic tools
  • Pneumatic circuits
    • Basic pneumatic system
    • Simple circuits
      • Timing circuits
      • Safety circuits
    • Pneumatic circuits
    • Determining the causes of failures
      • Understanding the system
      • Troubleshooting procedures
      • Checking air supply systems
      • Troubleshooting the actuator
      • Checking the control valve
      • Checking a control valve actuator
      • Checking sequence valves
      • Checking master control valves
      • Making final adjustments
    • Pneumatic system troubleshooting chart
  • Hydraulic theory
    • Hydraulic development
      • Hydraulic applications
      • Advantages of hydraulics
    • Physics of hydraulics
      • Hydraulics’ pressure
      • Pascal’s law
      • Fluid flow
      • Hydraulic symbols
  • Hydraulic components
    • Hydraulic liquids
      • Hydraulics’ properties
        • Viscosity and viscosity index
        • Lubricating power
      • Types of hydraulic liquids (water/petroleum/synthetic)
    • Piping and connectors
      • Rigid pipe
      • Semi-rigid (tubing)
      • Flared connectors
      • Bite-type connectors
    • Sealing devices
      • Materials (synthetic rubber/cork/metal)
      • Types of seals
      • Wipers and backup washers
    • Hydraulic reservoirs
    • Accumulators
      • Weight-loaded type
      • Spring-loaded type
      • Air or gas-type
    • Hydraulic pumps
      • Rotary pumps
      • Reciprocating pumps
    • Control valves
      • Directional control valves
      • Flow control valves
      • Solenoid operated valves
    • Cylinders/actuators
      • Ram-type cylinders
      • Piston-type cylinders
  • Hydraulic circuits
    • Basic hydraulic system
    • Hydraulic circuits
    • Common causes of failure
      • Dirt
      • Heat
      • Misapplication
      • Improper fluids
      • Maintenance
      • Improper design or installation